PARCC Points #3
This month we'll look at the types of questions on the PARCC assessments. You'll see examples of them all on PARCC's Practice Tests and Sample Items.
Types of ELA Questions
- PCR (Prose Constructed Response): Essay
- EBSR (Evidence-Based Selected-Response)
- Multiple Choice
- Two-part paired questions, second questions evidence to arrive at previous answer
- If first paired question is incorrect, second is always incorrect.
- TECR (Technology Enhanced Constructed Response)
- Two or three-part questions: comprehension question then return to text and manipulate it.
- First response must be correct to get credit for any that follow.
Scoring PCRs (Prose Constructed Responses): Present on PBA (March), not EOY (May)
- While there are separate rubrics for scoring Grade 3, Grades 4-5, and Grades 6-11, all use the same three categories (or constructed measures), scoring between 0 to 4 points each.
- 1. Reading: Comprehension of Key Ideas and Details - Writing must show full comprehension of the text and reference the text explicitly. Depth increases by grade level.
- 2. Writing: Knowledge of Language and Conventions - Writing must demonstrate command of the conventions of standard English with few minor errors (ranging to frequent distracting errors for a "0") in grammar and usage, and have clear meaning throughout the response.
- 3. Writing: Written Expression - Response should
- address the prompt, show effective development of the topic, use reasoning, details,
text-based evidence, with appropriate development (grades 6-11 logical, well-executed
progression of ideas).
- demonstrate consistent, purposeful and controlled organization - with (a strong) introduction
- Use linking words and phrases, descriptive words and/or temporal words to express ideas with
clarity (grades 4-11 includes concrete words and phrases, sensory details, linking and
transitional words, domain-specific vocabulary)
- Narrative elements
- Grades 3-5 may include establishing a situation, organizing a logical event sequence,
describing scenes, objects or people, developing characters personalities, and using
dialogue as appropriate.
- Grades 6 -8 include 3-5's elements as well as establishing a context, situating events in time.
and place, developing a point of view, developing characters' motives.
- Grades 9-11 include 3-8's elements as well as outlining step-by-step procedures, creating one
or more points of view, and constructing event models of what happened.
Types of Math Questions:
- There are three types of math problems that assess key knowledge and skills, ask students to express mathematical reasoning and construct a mathematical argument, and apply concepts to solve model real-world problems.
- Type I: Concepts, skills and procedure type questions are machine scored.
- Type II: Expressing mathematical reasoning is machine and hand scored.
- Type III: Modelling/application in real-world context is machine and hand scored.
- PBA (Progress Based Assessment in March) math tests are a combination of Types I, II & III.
- EOY (End of Year in May) math tests are all Type I.
What about Common Core ELA in Social Science, Science and Technical Subjects?
Next month we will take a closer look at this. There is a structure or framework for teaching the Common Core standards as well for the creation of the PARCC assessment itself. PARCC's web site states that the "instruction of reading, writing, speaking, listening and language is a shared responsibility within schools. All fields of study demand analysis of complex texts and strong oral and written communication skills using discipline-specific discourse. Because each discipline acquires, develops and shares knowledge in distinct ways, educators in each field must take ownership of building robust instruction around discipline-specific literacy skills...The Model Content Frameworks provide all educators with foundational ideas for incorporating disciplinary literacy skills and practice into their instructional programming."
Tech Tips: (To sharpen those "points"!)
Remember, all of the You Tube videos below are available in the District Shared, District Staff folder!
- Today's students are expected to be media literate.
- Movie Maker Basics Video Tutorial
- What's new in Movie Maker for Windows 7? (Video for those who know the basics of Movie Maker)
- Again, today's students are expected to be media literate.
- Photo Story Video Tutorial
- Note: You can customize motion for photos that you added text to.
Research: Clearly an important part of Common Core and PARCC!
- Do your students know how to search?
- Search Tips Video
- 10 Search Techniques (to make you a "Google Search Star")
- You can use Control/F to search any web page (or electronic document)
- What is a sidebar?
- Electronic dictionaries/glossaries
- A bonus feature (as opposed to a traditional dictionary) is the audio feature. Use it!
- Make sure you use a reputable source as there are a lot of online dictionaries available.
- Our Web Links: Online Dictionaries (Library, Reference)
Storybook Weaver Deluxe
- Ease your students' transition from creating pictures with small amounts of text to using a full fledged word processor with software such as Storybook Weaver Deluxe.
- Video Tutorial, Quick Overview
- There are also buttons for background music per page, sounds for when an object is chosen, buttons to enlarge or reduce the size of objects as well as flip their orientation.